By Renata Salecl
The increase of nationalist, racist and anti-feminist ideologies is without doubt one of the so much scary repercussions of the cave in of socialism. utilizing psychoanalytic theories of myth to enquire why such extremist ideologies have taken carry, Renata Salecl argues that the most important social and political adjustments in post-communist jap Europe require a thorough re-examination of notions of liberal theories of democracy. In doing so she deals a brand new method of human rights and feminism grounded in her personal lively partipation within the struggles, first opposed to communism and now opposed to nationalism and anti-feminism.
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Extra resources for The Spoils of Freedom: Psychoanalysis and Feminism After the Fall of Socialism (Feminism for Today)
Tribe points out, people who opposed abortion in socialism also ‘argued not in terms of the right to life of the unborn child but in terms of the duty of the mother to perform her “natural” role in society, that of bearing children. The socialist state, they believed, had a right to the “natural” increase of the labour force occasioned by this role’ (Tribe, 1990: 56). On two well-known occasions, the socialist state prohibited abortion. In 1936 Joseph Stalin outlawed abortion in the Soviet Union for two decades, and in 1966 Ceaucescu strongly prohibited abortion in Romania.
Thatcherism, on the other hand, inverted this perspective and took as its motto ‘There is no such thing as society’; there are only individuals and their families, fully responsible for their fate, which is why state intervention is not the remedy but the cause of the illness. It undermines the aggressive, active, competitive spirit of individuals, and saps their belief that they themselves can fight for their success and must not rely on the state for support. If this constitutes Thatcherism’s symbolic reinterpretation of social reality and of the causes of the economic crisis, once we accept it, once we 34 The Spoils of Freedom symbolically identify with it, what imaginary identification does it offer us?
Ceaucescu’s answer was that, since the most important human right is to be able to live in one’s own country, the ban on travelling abroad simply guarantees this right. So, too, the ideologists of national threat represent their desire to limit the right to free abortion as simply reinforcing the human right to have the desired number of children. The ideology of national threat also produces in Croatia a specific form of anti-semitism which is linked to the national conflict between Croats and Serbs.
The Spoils of Freedom: Psychoanalysis and Feminism After the Fall of Socialism (Feminism for Today) by Renata Salecl