By István Vásáry

ISBN-10: 0521837561

ISBN-13: 9780521837569

В этой книге István Vásáry представляет историю кочевых воинов евразийских степей - куман и татар от 1186 г. до 1360-ых. Основным инструментом политического успеха куман и татар была военная сила, которой ни одна из враждующих Балканских группировок не могла сопротивляться. Впоследствие, группы куман и татар ассимилировались местным населением в различных регионах Балкан. Куманы были основателями трех последовательных Болгарских династий (Asenids, Terterids, и Shishmanids), и Валахской династии (Basarabids). Они также играли активную роль в Византии, Венгрии и Сербии входя в элиту каждой страны. В исследовании также уделено внимание проблеме политической анархии на Балканах в тринадцатом и четырнадцатом столетиях, что сделало их легкой добычей турок-осман в конце XIV в.

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Extra resources for Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365

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P. 786). 63 In the second stage of development, the terms Vlakhia and Bulgaria appeared. This double designation referred to the whole territory of the Second Bulgarian Empire. 65 An exact separation of the territories of Vlakhia and Bulgaria is impossible: the two names probably refer to the same territory, and indicate the two basic ethnic components of the empire. At a later date, the overlapping terms Vlakhia and Bulgaria separated, and each was used to designate distinct parts of historical Bulgaria.

Chon. /van Dieten, ii, p. 79. Nik. Chon. /van Dieten, I, pp. 42864 , 52225 , 52335, 39, 40 (ed. Bonn, pp. 5618 , 69114 , 6923, 7, 17 ). , ii, pp. 100–6, 207–9. g. Nik. Chon. /van Dieten, i, pp. 37113 , 39418 , 39943 . , ii, pp. 207–8, with further examples. 36 See n. 7 above. For all the examples see n. 32 above. ‘Kaª tŸn tän Musän kaª tän Boulg†rwn dunaste©an’ (Nik. Chon. /van Dieten, i, p. 37486–7 ; ed. Bonn, p. 4899 ). 38 These later editors of Choniates thus complement his interpretation: both the Vlakhs and the Bulgars are called Mysoi.

P. 287, n. 3). Essentially he maintained this view in the third edition of his work: ‘Man damals als Walachen – die Bezeichnung hatte bekanntlich nicht nur ethnische Bedeutung, sondern diente auch als Sammelbegriff f¨ur Hirtenst¨amme – die Bev¨olkerung des alten M¨osien bzw. h. Makedoniens verstand’ (p. 334, n. 5). I think it is unnecessary to repeat here my arguments that the Bulgars and the Vlakhs are never confused with each other. I cannot find a single case of the Bulgars being designated as Vlakhs.

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Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365 by István Vásáry

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