By Xiaobai Shen
This article offers a close perception into China's endeavours to procure the complicated technical knowledge which lie on the center of recent telecommunications. special first hand fabric is gifted in contrasting case reviews within the box of public electronic switching structures. The e-book explores the deep difficulties that beset the previous socialist method, how those are altering within the face of China's monetary transition and its exact technological coverage of "walking on legs". A consultant to China, this ebook additionally bargains insights into the problems dealing with different constructing nations. it may be of curiosity to academics and researchers, fairly within the components of chinese language reviews, improvement reviews, technological innovation and telecommunications, and contributors in correct excessive know-how industries and in executive and foreign companies serious about technological improvement.
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Extra info for Chinese Road to High Technology
9). Others have seen the problems of planned economies in terms of the interaction between the socialist and capitalist worlds, and view the successes or crises of socialism as a product of the economy and politics of the world. As Qadir and Gills (1992) indicate, the crisis of penury in the Third World is an integral element of a much broader and deeper economic crisis in the global political economy and a process of restructuring that affects all states, developed and less developed, 'capitalist' as well as 'socialist' (p.
Developing countries do not have effective access to the whole range of existing technologies, and the price structure is always based on the seller's market. Apart from these, Western technology is regarded as a two-edged sword, simultaneously creating and destroying different kinds of values - destroying old values and uprooting people in alienating fashion, and threatening indigenous values, local economies or local institutions in developing countries (Goulet, 1983). Indigenous technological competencies are even less possible to achieve, as developing countries are considered to be poor and lacking technological resources, not only equipment but also know-how and manpower.
In the past, China's telecommunications system was one of the poorest in the world. Before the beginning of economic reforms in 1978, China's telecommunications system had been under the control of the central government and served mainly the needs of a centrally planned economy, and the Party and government organisations. At the foundation of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the country had only about 300000 local telephone lines (East Consulting Ltd, 1995). For the next 30 years, little changed.
Chinese Road to High Technology by Xiaobai Shen